This paper distils the discussions of a multi-stakeholder meeting of experts on strengthening international support for conflict prevention. The paper locates conflict prevention within the emerging practise of strengthening resilient national systems, and explores operational issues about how to better assist such conflict prevention. The paper also reviews various conflict prevention approaches that have emerged from the fields of armed violence reduction, mediation, or the private sector. It highlights that there needs to be better communication across sectors and institutions about the changing nature of prevention practice, and about what works in what context. It also argues that the greatest opportunity for conflict prevention lies in fostering the strength and resilience of social and political networks and institutions on the ground.