More than three years after the Darfur Peace Agreement failed to fly, the need to engage all armed groups in order to find a negotiated settlement to the conflict is once more commanding the attention of peacebuilding actors - although thus far with little success.
Darfur still stands as a seemingly intractable conflict, with the rebel movements continuing to fragment and the Darfur Arabs not yet engaged. Following her latest report, "Beyond ‘Janjaweed’:
Understanding the Militias of Darfur", Julie Flint delivered a presentation on the current state of the mediation process, and shared her thoughts on some aspects of the rebel dynamics and their implications for current mediation efforts. Accordingly, track 3 and track 2 level efforts to build peace are at best used as window dressing and are, at worst, in spite of some localised successes, not given any credence at all.
Ultimately, those who are seeking a peace process in Darfur do not seem to possess an understanding of the conflict sufficiently nuanced so as to formulate policy and action that seek to either break away from the existing top-down process or to approach the conflict with a multi-level appreciation.